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Development of technology and social life

  
 
 
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Darbas apie technologijų raidą ir jų įtaką žmonių gyvenimui (anglų kalba). The influence of technology on the human mind. Changing attitudes toward technology (the history of technology). Effects of technology. Positive Effects. Negative Effects. The nature and guidance of technology.

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These days, as more and more people speak about the emerging Information Society, we should think again how to prepare the society for the changes in the style of human life. No doubts that so-called Information Society has many advantages, for example in trade, production, services, communication etc. Unfortunately, it also has many potential risks that shouldn't be ignored. Some high level experts believe that improper use of technology could, in specific circumstances, cause the elimination of these advantages. From this point of view, the influence of technologies on the human mind is considered as the most hazardous factor. Increasing the use of technology instead of face to face communication could have negative influence on the human mind. It is most important to investigate this influence in the sphere of education, where the effects of these factors could be fatal. And vice versa. The appropriate use of technology could have a significant benefit for the whole society. That's why professionals in well-developed countries, which are on the edge of the Information society, start to pay more attention to these problems. But not only professionals. Even general public, media and politicians consider these matters very important. I am sure we should also pay more attention to it. In order to gain some basic orientation in this field, we will take a small excursion into some branches of science that may have certain connection to the impact of technology in education.

The Greeks agreed that the earlier something appears, the later people understand it. As technology appeared in the remote early time of human society thus far people understand it only to a small extent. In the West, technology has been differently appraised, and in history attitudes toward it have undergone diametric changes. Today, worldwide, understandings of technological development and attitudes toward technology in Eastern and Western, developing and advanced, countries are evidently different. Generally speaking, in the West before the 20th century an affirmative view of technology was held by most people, whereas since the beginning of this century an anti-technological view has come to be held more and more by the educated class. However, the developing and underdeveloped countries usually hold favorable views of technology and often take an optimistic attitude toward an ambitious development of technology. This contrast is a remarkable feature of contemporary views of the development of technology.
Despite such different understandings and attitudes to technology, since the 20th century progress and achievement in this one broad field of human activity have surpassed all those attained throughout history. There have been many inventions, including the airplane, rockets and spaceships, electronic techniques, atomic energy, antibiotics, the computer and robots -- even the simulation of the human gene. This has resulted in an unprecedented social situation, at once hopeful and potentially dangerous. All this was inconceivable before this century.
In the middle of the 19th century a splendid accomplishment was attained in modern technology which culminated the modern natural sciences as represented by Newtonian mechanics. At the London Fair of 1851 many novel and striking machines and products were shown in the Crystal palace. This seemed to prove Frances Bacon’s projection that all things could be realized. The American, Edward Bellamy, in his novel, Review, foretold that technology would play the most magnificent and positive role in the ordered society of 2000. Inasmuch as technology has been highly developed and played an unprecedented role in social life in the 20th century, some thinkers have called the 20th century "the beginning of the technological era". ...

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Tinklalapyje paskelbta2006-06-07
DalykasInformacijos ir informacinės visuomenės referatas
KategorijaInformatika >  Informacija ir informacinė visuomenė
TipasReferatai
Apimtis6 puslapiai 
Literatūros šaltiniai5
KalbaAnglų kalba
Dydis11.05 KB
AutoriusAlgis
Viso autoriaus darbų3 darbai
Metai2005 m
Klasė/kursas1
Švietimo institucijaKauno Technologijos Universitetas
Failo pavadinimasMicrosoft Word Development of technology and social life [speros.lt].doc
 

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  • Referatai
  • 6 puslapiai 
  • Kauno Technologijos Universitetas / 1 Klasė/kursas
  • 2005 m
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