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Influence of information technology


Referatas apie IT įtaką verslui ir darbuotojams. Introduction to information technology. Why information technology is important in business. Information technology and human resources. It skills of human resources. Consequences of computerisation. It staff. End-user computing. The introduction of a new it system. Centralisation. Decentralisation. Re – engineering.


Information technology (IT) is the acquisition, processing, storage and dissemination of information using computers. IT has revolutionised office work, and is about to revolutionise telecommunications (i.e. the transmission of information via radio waves or electric cables). Information technology, moreover, lies at the heart of computerised manufacturing systems using robotics, and of modem management information systems.


Determination of an IT strategy is one of the most important of all senior management functions, due to the ever-increasing complexity of modem business and the enormous efficiency improvements that the effective utilisation of IT can create.
Products have to be supplied quick1y, economically and at a high level of quality; and on1y by using modem technologies can most companies keep up with rival firm. Judicious use of IT can lead to a first-rate administrative system, effective decision making, efficient use of resources, and high productivity levels within the firm. "[T helps businesses cope with complexity! uncertainty, and the explosion in the volume of information (internal and external) that has become available to companies in recent{decades1As organisations become more sophisticated, so too must the techniques and procedures of organisational control -techniques that in today' s world are invariably based on IT. Information technology can be an important source of competitive advantage.
The quality of decisions should improve because computerised systems enable operations research models and solution techniques to be applied, and advanced methods of planning and co-ordination to be implemented.


3.1 IT skills of Human Resources

Those who operate IT -driven administrative and production systems typically require a higher level of education and training than the traditional manufacturing worker. At the same time, however, the need for conventional craft skills has diminished. Labour flexibility within a

computerised working situation requires technologies rather than crafts people. In particular, the range and quality of the information potentially available to everyone in the organisation is greatly increase. Hence, traditional dividing lines between occupational categories, break down and the demarcation of jobs can become irrelevant: vertically as well as horizontally.

3.2 Consequences of computerisation

Consequences of computerisation with implications for human resources management include:
• Deskilling of tasks in certain parts of the enterprise while new types of skill are required elsewhere, leading perhaps to resentments and conflicts between various categories of worker.
• Total integration of all phases of production, office administration and internal communications, causing more frequent and perhaps closer interactions among employees in different sections of the firm and between various levels in the managerial hierarchy. ...

Rašto darbo duomenys
Tinklalapyje paskelbta2005-05-21
DalykasInformacijos ir informacinės visuomenės referatas
KategorijaInformatika >  Informacija ir informacinė visuomenė
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