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Pradžia>Psichologija>Biologinė psichologija>Differences in body image satisfaction between Lithuanian and American college students

Differences in body image satisfaction between Lithuanian and American college students


Darbas anglų kalba. Kūno vaizdo pasitenkinimo skirtumai tarp Lietuvos ir Amerikos koledžų studentų. Abstract. Introduction. Methods. Participants. Materials. Apparatus. Procedure. Results. Differences of total body image satisfaction. Differences in weight, shape and muscle satisfaction. Shape satisfaction. Muscle satisfaction. Differences between total current and ideal figure means. Ideal figure. Differences. Discussion. Limitations of the study. Appendix.


We believe in ‘what is beautiful is good' stereotype - an irrational, but instinctive belief that physically attractive people hold desirable characteristics such as intelligence, competence, social skills, confidence - even moral virtue. As an example, we can take fairy tales where the good fairy, princess is always beautiful and the wicked stepmother is always ugly. (Dion, 1979). Good body image became more important than any other thing in human life. The research indicates that psychical appearance strongly affects one’s sense of self, personal growth, and social acceptance. (Kostanski, 2000). "We are all more obsessed with our appearance than we like to admit. However, this is not an indication of ‘vanity’. Vanity means conceit, excessive pride in one's appearance. Concern about appearance is quite normal and understandable. Attractive people have distinct advantages in our society." (Fox, 1997). There is a "Bart Simpson effect" that states an attractive child is more popular, both with classmates and with teachers. Teachers give higher evaluations to the work of attractive children and have higher expectations of them, which has improved their performance. (Dion, 1979). Nice-looking applicants have a better chance of getting jobs, and of receiving higher salaries. A US study found that taller men earned around $600 per inch more than shorter executives did. (Umberson and Hughes, 1987). The prejudice for beauty operates in almost all social situations. All experiments show we react more positively to the physically attractive. The community as healthier, better and a happier way of life perceives the image of a slim body. In the contemporary world, fat people are considering as negative. We tend to think that people, who do not have a slim body are considered as having low self-esteem or as personalities with defects. Both of the stereotypes are always in comparison like goodness over badness. Because of these comparisons, many people tend to be on the goodness side and they want to feel successful and socially accepted without any humiliations. Therefore, now many men and women are strongly dissatisfied with their body image and want to change it in a positive way.
"What people see and how they react to their reflection in a mirror will vary according to: gender, age, and cultural group." (Fox, 1997). Also very important would be what they have been watching on television, what magazines they have been reading.
When talking about gender issues women are much more critical of their appearance than men are. Up to 8 out of 10 women will be dissatisfied with their reflection, and more than half may see a distorted image. Men looking in the mirror are more likely to be either pleased with what they see or indifferent. Research shows that men generally have a much more positive body image than women do. (Demarest and Allen, 2000). ...

Rašto darbo duomenys
Tinklalapyje paskelbta2006-07-14
DalykasBiologinės psichologijos diplominis darbas
KategorijaPsichologija >  Biologinė psichologija
TipasDiplominiai darbai
Apimtis30 puslapių 
Literatūros šaltiniai10 (šaltiniai yra cituojami)
KalbaAnglų kalba
Dydis90.1 KB
AutoriusZivile Navickaite
Viso autoriaus darbų2 darbai
Metai2006 m
Mokytojas/DėstytojasDavid Skeen
Failo pavadinimasMicrosoft Word Differences in body image satisfaction between Lithuanian and American college students [speros.lt].doc

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