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Language and Gender


Referatas apie vyrų ir moterų kalbos vartojimo ypatumus (anglų kalba). Introduction. Verbal Communication. Non-verbal Communication. Politeness and Profanity. Sexism in Language. Conclusions.


Language and gender is a relatively young subject of linguistic studies. The earliest systematic studies were in the late 1950s and early 1960s but the subject was not seriously taken into consideration and was paid little attention to. However, partly because of the women’s movement in the USA, language and gender has developed rapidly as a field. This linguistic field has been extensively studied in recent years because the knowledge of communication between women and men has a great importance for linguistic studies (Bloomer et al 2003).
The main question of this research paper is in what ways males and females communicate differently; i.e., their vocabulary choice, politeness and profanity, verbal and non-verbal communication etc. McMillan (1972) discovered that women use two times more tag questions than men. In addition, Lakoff stated that women’s language is regarded as proper and polite whereas men are rude and aggressive. However, the earliest language and gender studies were biased and, therefore, not in-depth (Bloomer et al 2003). For example, Lakoff "based her claims on impressions and personal observations rather than on empirical study" (Parker and Riley 1994).
This paper aims at analysing language differences and similarities between men and women. The research covers the following areas: verbal and non-verbal communication, politeness and profanity, sexist language. The paper will also review reasons for gender differences in interaction.
The plan of this paper is as follows. Section two describes disparities in verbal communication between women and men, particularly different vocabulary choice of the two sexes, questioning and interruptions. Section three focuses on non-verbal communication. It discusses eye contact and facial expression. Section four looks into politeness and profanity in the language of women and men. In section five sexist language is discussed. Section six provides conclusions. Finally, a list of bibliography sources is given in section seven. ...

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Tinklalapyje paskelbta2006-01-05
DalykasSocialinės psichologijos referatas
KategorijaPsichologija >  Socialinė psichologija
Apimtis11 puslapių 
Literatūros šaltiniai7
KalbaAnglų kalba
Dydis114.49 KB
Viso autoriaus darbų8 darbai
Metai2005 m
Mokytojas/Dėstytojasassist. Zarema Plaksij
Švietimo institucijaVilniaus Universitetas
FakultetasFilologijos fakultetas
Failo pavadinimasAdobe Acrobat Language and Gender [speros.lt].pdf

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  • Referatai
  • 11 puslapių 
  • Vilniaus Universitetas / 1 Klasė/kursas
  • assist. Zarema Plaksij
  • 2005 m
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