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Leksikologijos kursinis apie polisemiją (žodis su daug reikšmių), su pavyzdžiais. Introduction. Polysemy and polysemous: having many meanings. Treatment of homophony and polysemy in dictionaries. Diachronic approach to polysemy. Synchronic approach to polysemy. Frequent types of polysemy. Examples of the polysemantic words. Conclusions.


The aim of the annual essay is to analyze polysemy as a concept and as a "language phenomenon". My annual essay consists of the introduction, seven parts, conclusions and the list of literature.
Polysemy comes from Neo-Latin polysemia, which comes from Greek polusemous [poly- (many) + sema (sign)] giving us a linguistic term, "having many meanings" or multiple meanings. The words polysemy and polysemous are defined as "having or characterized by many meanings; the existence of several meanings for a single word or phrase". As said earlier, these terms refer to "words" or other "items of language with two or more senses"
The study of polysemy or of the "multiplicity of meanings" of words has a long history in the philosophy of language, linguistics psychology and literature. The complex relations between meanings and words were first noted by the stoics (Robins 1967) they observed that a single concept can be expressed by several different words (synonymy) and that conversely, one word can carry different meanings (polysemy).
It is an important means of enriching vocabulary. Polyseme is a word with multiple meanings, but all the meanings come from the same etymology. In Dictionaries and Lexicons, all the polysemes are listed under one heading.
The most of English words are polysemantic, and only few are monosemantic- words having only one meaning, these are mainly scientific terms like oxygen molecule and the like.
The system of meanings of any polysemantic word develops gradually, over the centuries, as more and more new meanings are either added or old meanings are ousted by new meanings.
The number of sound combinations that human speech organs can produce is limited. Therefore at a certain stage of language development the production of new words by morphological means becomes limited. Thus, polysemy becomes an important means of enriching the vocabulary.
http://www.cs.brandeis.edu/~paulb/CoreLex/corelex.html ...

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Tinklalapyje paskelbta2005-09-09
DalykasKalbų studijų kursinis darbas
KategorijaKalbų studijos
TipasKursiniai darbai
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Švietimo institucijaKolpingo mokymo centras
Failo pavadinimasMicrosoft Word Polysemy [speros.lt].doc

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